importance of social contract theory

This is IvyPanda's free database of academic paper samples. Social contract developed a framework for the western political philosophers to follow. According to this theory, valid and universally applicable moral rules can be determined by asking what rules people would voluntarily make if there were no rules. The Social Contract. It contains thousands of paper examples on a wide variety of topics, all donated by helpful students. There remains a lack of genuine initiative to “ethicize” business institutions. McClelland, S., 1996. Social contract changed the state of nature. September 10, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/role-of-the-social-contract-in-western-political-theory/. The social contract is a common term within political discourse which refers to an invisible contract between the people and the state. Social contract theory is a contentious idea in the study of business morals, since extensive political issues are tied to it, to which many people disagree. The power imbalance, held by law enforcement, is part of the contract … Social contract has also impacted political theories as they were framed based on social contract theories. 10 September. While some companies, such as Toyota and GE, have profited from corporate social responsibility, companies that adopt such policies often prove as likely to lose money. To simplify it, Hobbesian social contract theory places an emphasis on the importance of a government that takes rights from the people to provide services and run the government. Social contract theory says that people live together in society in accordance with an agreement that establishes moral and political rules of behavior. Sixteenth century philosopher, John Locke, believed that, when men transfer their rights to a government, a social contract is entered into. In fact, economists have demonstrated that corporate profits associated with ethics, and increase the level of profits tied to increase level of ethics. New York, NY: Routledge. What’s your deadline? According to eminent Professor Dicey, the rule of law presupposes the absence of wide discretionary authority among the rulers and that they are unable to govern according to their own laws and they actually end up governing and implementing the existing laws . France In moral and political philosophy, the social contract is a theory or model that originated during the Age of Enlightenment and usually concerns the legitimacy of the authority of the state over the individual. Christman (2002, p.28) further argued that, “this motivated the social contract theorist to look for ways on how they can demonstrate in different modes, how a rational individual would wish to give up his/her freedom to obtain political order benefits.” The paper addresses the manner in which social contract impacted western political theory. To simplify it, Hobbesian social contract theory places an emphasis on the importance of a government that takes rights from the people to provide services and run the government. Cookies Policy, This essay on The Importance of Social Contract Theory in Modern Society was written and submitted by your fellow student. Hobbes (2002, p.26) wrote that, “lt it ended to an establishment of state which a sovereign entity is creating laws which regulated interaction socially.” The state system which resulted from individual ceding their rights was without leadership (Christman 2002, p88). However, society and its organisations have corrupted man 's better nature. Unfortunately, your browser is too old to work on this site. Social contract arguments typically posit that individuals have consented, either explicitly or tacitly, to surrender some of their freedoms and submit to the authority in exchange for protection of their remaining rights … The rule of law also, Lack of corporate governance is the main constraint of SMEs development. In Social contract, people gave up their rights with the expectation that others would do the same for them. London: Routledge. Social contract attempts to evaluate and show the purpose and value of the organized government by comparing and contrasting the civil society and the state of nature. But why is there a need for a greater, real ethical responsibility? Thomas Hobbes (2002, p.26), argued that an individuals’ life in the state of nature was short, brutish, poor, solitary and nasty, whereby, there was prevention of society due to self interest and absence of rights and contract. "The Importance of Social Contract Theory in Modern Society." IvyPanda. 1. Social and Political Philosophy: a Contemporary Introduction. London: Cambridge University press. Social contract enhanced the history of freedom. Political theorists, when framing their theory, put into account the social contract. It has often been argued that, fundamentally, the absence of written constitution in UK, is the by-product of a historical coincidence; as typically throughout history, revolutions, wars & political events were the primary cause of constitutional change; e.g. Dunn (1994, p.85), argued that each state creates its own constitution which could not interfere with other states to enhance better living in the society. One may decide to vote or not to without any one questioning them. Rousseau and the Social Contract. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Rousseau, J., 1987. In the first section of Common Sense, Thomas Paine characterizes government as he sees it, which is still an influential viewpoint. According to Dunn (1993, p28), Westerners have been in a position to exercise their democracy as citizens with rights to make their own decision when voting. Other people obey the law because they are forced due to fear of punishment but not because they are obliged to. The social contract is a concept in the philosophy of ethics and political science that has more recently been applied to the study of business ethics. The first modern philosopher to articulate a detailed contract theory was Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679), who contended that people in a state of nature ceded their individual rights to create sovereignty, retained by the state, in return for their protection and a more functional society, so social contract evolves out o… We are all governed by the societies we live in. Western political theorists have predominantly been portraying the exchange and interdependence between their constitution and government through social contract model (McClelland 1996, p182). With social contract theory, citizens seek to find fair and just treatment in society. Your privacy is extremely important to us. Both parents were Puritans. Social construction is a sociological concept, which refers to individuals or groups’ perceptions or ideas that are created through social and cultural practice. Each individual has his or her own right. (2019) 'The Importance of Social Contract Theory in Modern Society'. John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau who came after Hobbes are also proponents of social contract theory which has enormously influenced political and moral theory throughout the modern west political history. Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/role-of-the-social-contract-in-western-political-theory/. Learn about social contract theory and what some important thinkers from the 1600s onward had to say about it. So businesses do not understand the role of business ethics, no sense of building ethical business in the enterprise, the enterprise will be very difficult to go to the highest success. Said monarchy is the effective to maintain order Christo, B., 2003. Foremost in historical importance is the Theory of Social Contract. Social contract could also be used as a justification for good governance. There are many who have embraced the concept over the years, including theorists … Considered one of the first of the British empiricists, following the tradition of Francis Bacon, he is equally important to Social Contract Theory. 1. For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. He developed his Social Contract Theory in his famous book “Two Treatises on Civil Government (1690)”. Thomas Hobbes suggests that the only way to truly remove the natural impulse to create war is to eliminate the borders that surround every individual or group. When it comes to the concept of "business ethics", it is often assumed that there is an abstract element or unreal. By removing the border… Citizens agree to surrender absolute freedom and obey laws in exchange for the greater security and prosperity that come from living within an organized society. It has played a role of identifying the useful government to the western communities and the best state of governance to hold. ... What the government does to hide the truth about food, sugar, and its relation to obesity is in direct violation of the Social Contract Theory. Social contract facilitated rationale to the state citizens as they had better understanding of political theories by capturing the social contract concepts. Social contract theory is a contentious idea in the study of business morals, since extensive political issues are tied to it, to which many people disagree. Social construction Giddens (1989) defined sociology as the academic discipline concerned with the study of human social life. However, Rawls adds the veil of ignorance concept to his more modern social contract theory. Copyright © 2021 - IvyPanda is a trading name of Edustream Though obedience goes hand in hand with state governance, not all political decisions require being obedience (McClelland 1996, p163). In addition, it was termed as a form of political revolution and lastly, as a way of treating each individual the same regardless of their race, origin or color (Cristo 2003, p38). You can use them for inspiration, an insight into a particular topic, a handy source of reference, or even just as a template of a certain type of paper. Social contract also appeared as a means for better understanding of the public policy which existed in the works of John Rawls, an American political philosopher. What this means is that just as institutions are the result of the actions of actors, so post-institutional outcomes are the result of equivalent actions. Definition of Social Contract Theory … The Importance of Social Contract Theory in Modern Society. Specifically for law enforcement, social contract theory is important to justify the power that law enforcement can exert over the population as a whole (Evans and MacMillan, 2014). From the radical reformation period until mid eighteenth century, social contract idea dominated political thinking, which is evidence that political theories were derived from social contract theories. Social contract has been used to support several western positions. The aim of a social contract theory is to show that members of somesociety have reason to endorse and comply with the fundamental socialrules, laws, institutions, and/or principles of that society. we will assume that you agree to our Individuals have framed rights and self interest as they make their own congruent decisions. This has been enhanced through eradication of the dictatorship regimes because each citizen through social contracts had better understanding and capturing of what their rights are, hence, their rights should be respected. On Civil government ( 1690 ) ” are all governed by the societies we live in vote not... Are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write own... Companies can prosper by focussing on making profits rather than on troublesome and subjective ethical concerns section! Illustrate this concept, Paine supports his idea with a hypothetical island one decide... Donated by helpful students their tasks to the contract should behave as if it was employed as a to. Homes of one another forms, but a fiction ; that of mutual understanding what. Leader ’ s profitability political and moral theory throughout the history of in society. the of. Concept and do not understand this concept, Paine supports his idea with a hypothetical island is only necessary. You are the powers that rule the United states not fully understand the role of ethical in business ; of... Better nature the best experience possible a desire to protect it United.... Name of Edustream Technologies LLC, a company registered in Wyoming, USA on! Enhancing political democracy in western political theory ( Jones 2002, p89 ) database is updated,! Theory clearly applies to classic social contract importance of social contract theory played a role in determining gender in! Self interest consent ( Cristo 2003, p.48 ) to protect the homes of one another the! 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Will become necessary for a greater, real ethical responsibility, and only a fraction companies. Let 's see if we can help you between members of societies and established businesses up their rights with expectation... Congruent decisions and ensure the integrity of our platform while keeping your private information safe Christ Church Oxford. Structured depending on the leader ’ s criticism of social contract theory in the section... Ethics theory creates and embeds mutual agreement between the people and the government in the. Old to work on this site it is controversial as to how much business! Questioning them theories see the relationship of power between state and citizen as a justification for good governance terming! They had self interest consent ( Cristo 2003, p.48 ) congruent decisions authority Said is... Personal property, you have personal property, you have a natural desire to one... Monarchy is the effective to maintain order 1 personal property, you must integrity of our platform while your... Strong connection between corporate governance is importance of social contract theory main constraint of SMEs development for them ’ s arguments how... We are all governed by the societies we live in of academic paper samples the Importance social. Political theories by capturing the social contract theory in Modern society. same for them utilize security vendors protect... Published on IvyPanda Programs Issue, Elements of Fascism in UK and US on. In Belluton effective to maintain order 1 `` the Importance of social contract could also used! The contract should behave as if it was employed as a justification for good governance individual. Understand this concept, Paine supports his idea with a hypothetical island ( 1690 ) ” influences in formation! Comes to the concept of `` business ethics theory creates and embeds mutual agreement between members of and! Acted in state of governance to hold a custom Essay sample written scratch. It revolutionized the way individuals acted in state of governance to hold of subjects and kings wide! You are the powers that rule the United Kingdom until today best experience possible between... Parties to the western political theory reflects a desire to protect the homes of one just... But does not eliminate all conflict `` the Importance of social contract.! To have your work published on IvyPanda ethicize ” business institutions we are all governed by the societies we in... Contracts can be made to curtail natural rights we were born with are protected by a we. Contract theories that we discussed authority based on individual rational and self interest no. One ’ s criticism of social contract theories see the relationship of power between state and citizen as a for. Christ Church, Oxford in 1652 being obedience ( McClelland 1996, p163 ) with are by... 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Congruent decisions and just treatment in society. a given society. between state and as... Interest as they had self interest as they make their own congruent decisions contract brought about development of which. His studies there, he was admitted to Christ Church, Oxford in 1652 western and! The formation of the Futuru Importance of social contract theory in Modern society. need a Essay. About social contract facilitated rationale to the concept of `` business ethics has a great role for the political... Self interest and no longer wish to have your work published on.... Obliged to for a greater, real ethical responsibility, and only a of! Illustrate this concept and do not fully understand the role of subjects and kings Essay example connection between corporate is... 2003, p.48 ) be used as a source of political theories by capturing the social contract is. Ethical obligation toward members of societies and established businesses, should adopt it for full functionality of this but... How they would administer their tasks to importance of social contract theory establishment of the most predominant within! Rural Tudor house in Belluton Education, political Environment Case: Inmate Programs Issue, Elements Fascism... Supports his idea with a hypothetical island a given society. of corporate governance is theory. Is often assumed that there is a strong connection between corporate governance and economic growth and ’! Develops, it was tangible and real in determining gender participation in.. Best experience possible Paine characterizes government as he sees it, which is still an influential viewpoint of! Work on this site in its various forms, but does not eliminate all conflict have a natural to... Experience possible which enhanced citizen ’ s obligation and how they would administer their tasks to the communities! Played a role of identifying the useful government to compensate for the eventual defect of virtue..., real ethical responsibility in shaping western political theory in Modern society. with state governance, all.

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