witwatersrand gold rush

The gold rush saw massive development of Johannesburg and the Witwatersrand, and the area remains the prime metropolitan area of South Africa. The Witwatersrand Gold Rush was a gold rush in 1886 that led to the establishment of Johannesburg, South Africa. London: James Currey Currently, the greater Johannesburg area has just over 8 million residents, making it the largest city of South Africa. [citation needed], News of gold spread rapidly and reached Cecil Rhodes in Kimberley. Ein Goldrausch (von englisch gold rush, wörtlich und sinngemäß also Gold-Hast bzw. As a result of the rapid development of the goldfields on the Witwatersrand in the 1880s and the demand for coal by the growing industry, a concession was granted by the ZAR government to the Netherlands-South African Railway Company (NZASM) on July 20, 1888, to construct a 25 kilometres (16 mi) railway line from Johannesburg to Boksburg. The line was opened on March 17, 1890 with the first train being hauled by a 14 Tonner locomotive, became known as the "Randtram", even though it was actually a railway in every aspect and not singularly dedicated to tram traffic. This move was one of the factors leading to the Anglo Boer War of 1899-1902. Gold was discovered in the area known as Witwatersrand, triggering what would become the Witwatersrand Gold Rush of 1886. The Witwatersrand Gold Rush was a gold rush in 1886 that led to the establishment of Johannesburg, South Africa. This only agitated the miners and gave the British another reason to make a grab for the gold fields and take the lot for themselves. Its intent was to overthrow the Transvaal government and turn the region into a British colony. The gold rush was reported by the Bangkok Post. William Knight registered the first mining company on the Witwatersrand, the Witwatersrand Gold Mining Company, in September 1886. The Jameson Raid was supported by Rhodes and led by Sir Leander Starr Jameson. [6], Within 10 years, the town was already the largest in South Africa, outstripping the growth of Cape Town, which was more than 200 years older. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Another find by Pieter Jacob Marais was recorded in 1853 on the Jukskei River, but was subject to similar secrecy. This purchase would be the first transaction of the newly formed company Consolidated Gold Fields of South Africa. Many Randlords built large estates and mansions on the Parktown Ridge.[11]. There is some dispute as to the origin of the name Johannesburg and to which Johannes, a common Dutch name, the city was named after. [4], The world's largest gold rush ever had begun and South Africa would never be the same. One consequence of the gold rush was the construction of the first railway lines in this part of Africa. His discovery is recorded in history with a monument where the original gold outcrop is believed to be located, and a park named in his honour. This is the reason why Johannesburg's central business district streets are so narrow. This is the reason why Johannesburg's central business district streets are so narrow. The Witwatersrand Gold Rush was a gold rush in 1886 that led to the establishment of Johannesburg, South Africa. The Witwatersrand Gold Rush was a gold rush in 1886 that led to the establishment of Johannesburg, South Africa. It was a key part of the Mineral Revolution. The Witwatersrand Gold Rush was a gold rush in 1886 that led to the establishment of Johannesburg, South Africa. Initially, the ZAR did not believe that the gold would last for long, and mapped out a small triangular piece of land to cram as many plots onto as possible. But it was not until 1886 that the massive wealth of the Witwatersrand would be uncovered. The Witwatersrand Gold Rush was a major contributing factor of the failed Jameson Raid of 1895 to 1896, and of the outbreak of the Second Boer War in 1899. For a number of years all went well, but then President Paul Kruger of the South African Republic (ZAR) began getting worried so many foreigners would soon outnumber the Boers, and the first of certain "measures" were put into place. The underground basin reaches the surface at a the Witwatersrand ridge, the namesake of the basin and the surrounding gold-rich region (Witwatersrand means “White Waters Ridge” in Afrikaans.) One of them was to place heavy taxes on the sale of dynamite to the foreigners so as to slow the momentum. This move was one of the factors leading to the Anglo Boer War of 1899-1902. These rich gold bearing reefs stretch from 40 miles east of Johannesburg to 90 miles west and even further into the province of the Free State. [6], Within 10 years, the town was already the largest in South Africa, outstripping the growth of Cape Town, which was more than 200 years older. [citation needed], News of gold spread rapidly and reached Cecil Rhodes in Kimberley. It was a key part of the Mineral Revolution. Harrison declared his claim with the then-government of the Suid Afrikaanse Republiek (ZAR), and the area was pronounced open. Boer resentment over the large number of foreigners (Uitlanders) in the Witwatersrand led to heavy taxes and the denial of voting rights for the gold miners, and in response the Uitlanders and the British owners of the mines began to pressure the overthrow of the Boer government. It was a key part of the Mineral Revolution. ", "Restoring of one of Parktown's Greatest Mansions | The Heritage Portal", South African Mines of Witwatersrand (Images), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Witwatersrand_Gold_Rush&oldid=992998353, Wikipedia articles with style issues from February 2018, Articles needing additional references from September 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, World's largest gold rush ever led to the eventual, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 06:41. Second Boer War of 1899-1902 News of gold to the establishment of,... First transaction of the newly formed company Consolidated gold Fields of South.... Pounds before leaving the area remains the prime metropolitan area of South Africa would never the. Initially owned by Transvaal, and the Witwatersrand gold rush was the of. 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