vicious circle origin

Vicious Circle (7) Profile: Since the 1980s Vicious Circle (VC) has been a main stay of the Australian Hard-core movement. As a term in logic, "vicious circle" is very old indeed, dating to the early 1600s at least. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. From the Cambridge English Corpus There is a … A vicious circle is an unbroken chain of events where the reaction to a problem causes an effect which intensifies the cause of the problem and makes it worse so that the problem repeats and the process starts over again.. vicious circle n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. Which two instances agree with the course of the moon. I had never hear "vicious circle" used in any sense but a social circle with a bad attitude until now. For that year in which JERUSALEM was taken and destroyed, he saith, the Passover was on the 14th day of the month XANTICUS, which according to JOSEPHUS is our APRIL ; and that five years before, it fell on the 8th day of the same month. New command only for math mode: problem with \S. It is one of the most popular of all fallacies, the darling of the pompously ignorant. He was later one of a number of old-time villains who felt the pressure of a new order within the Vicious Circle. @Jacinto - Both terms have many senses. A vicious circle was the name given by 18th century logicians for a fallacious proof in this form: A depends on B - B depends on C - C depends on A; This was alluded to in Edition 3 of The Encyclopedia Britannica, in 1792: "He runs into what is termed by logicians a vicious circle." Meaning "inclined to be savage or dangerous" is first recorded 1711 (originally of animals, especially horses); that of "full of spite, bitter, severe" is from 1825. Origin of “vicious circle” and “vicious cycle”. A dog chasing it's tail is in a cycle and a circle. The figurative usage established later, mid-19th century as shown by the Phrase Finder : A vicious circle was the name given by 18th century logicians for a fallacious proof in this form: This was alluded to in Edition 3 of The Encyclopedia Britannica, in 1792: A wider use of the expression was taken up by the medical profession and there are several examples from the early 19th century of it being used to describe conditions where one symptom affects another and the health of the patient steadily deteriorates. A third will deliberately sell his cause. so that people can pay the prices, raising prices again because people can better afford to pay them.". Also: Vicious cycle Vicious circle is an idiom that has been used in English since at least 1700’s.. Vicious definition, addicted to or characterized by vice; grossly immoral; depraved; profligate: a vicious life. Meaning: If you're in a vicious circle you're in a situation in which the solution to one problem becomes the cause of another one, and the solution to that one causes the first problem to occur again. A: Yes way. The Oxford English Dictionary doesn’t list “vicious cycle” as a variant, though it includes the phrase in a couple of 20th-century citations. 96 examples: Further, as we examine how agreements/compacts were actually made, we realize… In any use but as a term in logic the expression is now a cliché. The emblem of a snake eating its own tail was commonly used in the iconography of Georgian and Victorian cemeteries - as in this example from Sheffield's General Cemetery. See more. Examples of vicious circle in a sentence, how to use it. The band formed in Melbourne in 1983 and was quickly established within the cities scene. The converse to 'vicious circle' is 'virtuous circle', referring to a process of positive feedback. ( 1999-02-09) Vicious Circle is a single British television crime drama film, written by former Tomorrow's World presenter Kieran Prendiville, that first broadcast on BBC1 on 9 February 1999. If I knock down this building, how many other buildings do I knock down as well? The next instance of "vicious cycle" that I found was much later, however. rev 2021.1.8.38287, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, English Language & Usage Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us, "Cycle" and "circle" mean the same thing in some senses (including the relevant ones), so it's not meaningful to claim that people "mixed up" the two. Looking for logic cycles, and I see that cyclic proofs are, in fact, a valid technique in inductive reasoning, so that would actually be something other than circular logic. It is a positive feedback loop. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (4th ed.) It is called a circle because it has no real starting place—and, one might add, because there's no end to this sort of thing.. The two US dictionaries include “vicious cycle” as an acceptable alternate for the second meaning. How was the Candidate chosen for 1927, and why not sooner? How can a Z80 assembly program find out the address stored in the SP register? Can you legally move a dead body to preserve it as evidence? The principle states that no object or property may be introduced by a definition that depends on that object or property itself. Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. A vicious circle is a problem or difficult situation that has the effect of creating new problems that then cause the original problem or situation to occur again. Here, at greater length, is that occurrence, from the entry for "Lightning" in the 1798 edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica: In his explanation of the accident which happened to [James] Lauder, his lordship [Lord Mahon, later Earl Stanhope] is reduced to the greatest difficulty, and makes one of the most unphilosophical shifts in the world ; no less than that of arra[n]ging the clouds of heaven, not according to fact, but according to his own imagination. The more pesticides are used, the more resistant the insects become so the more pesticides have to be used. They defined it as “A depends on B, B depends on C and C depends on A.” Q: Why so vicious? The more general meaning of the phrase refers to any process where one event feeds off another but which seems trapped in a loop and eventually returns to its starting point, with no benefit gained. A vicious circle is a problem or difficult situation that has the effect of creating new problems which then cause the original problem or situation to occur again. Another will pander to the cry for the sake of office. Why is changing data types not effecting the database size? Here we have "vicious cycle" as sense 2 of "vicious circle": a recurring series of unfortunate events. This is also American, appearing first in a letter to The Oakland Tribune in July 1920, from an A. S. Lavenson: Prices will then come down to a point that may not hamper the natural progress of trade, which ought in this country to be healthy for years to come. That seems to be the case with Oakland Tribune's correspondent's coining of 'virtuous circle' which, by our above definitions, should really have been 'virtuous spiral'. What does a vicious circle expression mean? Not to be confused with the heavy metal band Vicious Circle from Chicago, Illinois. Circle means a mode of reasoning wherein a proposition is used to establish a conclusion and then this same conclusion used to prove the proposition. This interesting example involves use of "vicious cycle" as a kind of short form for "vicious lunar cycle"—Newton's chief interest being to corroborate or refute Epiphanius's claim that the Jewish calendar was two days out of synch with the actual lunar cycle. That sense was first documented around the end of the 18th century. After Powerhouse took Brainiape back to the Vicious Circle’s new headquarters, he had him healed. Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. The same term used in the sense of an undesirable and inescapable series of recurring events, in which each event is triggered by a reaction to a prior event, with the result that all stages repeat themselves indefinitely, emerged much more recently, but certainly no later than 1817. The figurative, that is, not specifically logical or medical, meaning became established in the middle of the century; for example, this piece from Henry James' Notebooks, 1892: Examples of "vicious" in the sense of flawed reasoning can be found in the 17th century as suggested by Grammarphobia: Logicians in the early 17th century used the term “vicious” (from the Latin vitiosus, meaning faulty or defective) to refer to a flawed syllogism. –. The Vicious Circle is a 1957 British thriller film directed by Gerald Thomas and starring John Mills, Noelle Middleton, Wilfrid Hyde-White and Lionel Jeffries. Is the bullet train in China typically cheaper than taking a domestic flight? Thus history is repeating itself in a vicious cycle, and despite all the warnings of the past, we have to day the spectacle of one section of the free trade party guarding a protectionist Cabinet against the opposition of the main body. "Vicious circle" on the other hand involves the perpetrator only, the pattern being deliberately chosen. (As to whether "cycle" is a better metaphor than "cycle", I can't say.). Vicious cycle isn't recorded in the OED. Maybe it's an Americanism. Or does it have to be within the DHCP servers (or routers) defined subnet? How do you take into account order in linear programming? In a cycle, similar events repeat at regular intervals and certain parallels can be drawn, but the problem does not return to its beginning. In law, "marred by some inherent fault" (late 14c. ν, according to the moon, when the sun was in Aries. What is the point of reading classics over modern treatments? endlessly repeating without your input), so how can it have associated moral attributes? Both mean "a situation in which the solution to one problem gives rise to a second problem, but the solution to the second problem brings back the first problem. COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary. Vicious Circle for PC game reviews & Metacritic score: Vicious Circle is an uncooperative multiplayer shooter in which mercenaries compete for loot against a terrifying monster. This was alluded to in Edition 3 of The Encyclopedia Britannica, in 1792: "He runs into what is termed by logicians a vicious circle.". a vicious circle phrase. The expression's frequency essentially flatlines until about 1910, when it begins its slow ascent. @Josh, not sure what POB is ("pat on the back"?). and Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary (11th ed.) Or, more loosely, some bad situation that, by its nature, seems to get worse and worse. Vicious in this context means impaired or spoiled by a fault. The Vicious Circle plans. A: The word “vicious” actually comes from Latin “vitiosus”, which means “defective or faulty”. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. I just added the relevant portion of the sites I had linked to, and clarified what I meant by cycle being a better metaphor. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. Idiom of the Day 🙋. Breaking the Vicious Circle is a tour de force that should be read by everyone who is interested in improving our regulatory processes. The Vicious Circle are major villains in the image Comics series Savage Dragon, serving as the primary antagonists.They were originally led by Overlord but after his defeat, the group had since changed leaders like Cyberface and currently Dart II.. The term vicious circle is commonly used to describe a situation in which solution of one problem creates other problems whose solution is incompatible with the original circumstances. A virtuous circle has favorable results, while a vicious circle has detrimental results.. Both American Heritage and Merriam-Webster define “vicious circle” as (1) a circular argument or (2) a situation in which the apparent solution to one problem creates a second one that makes it harder to solve the original problem. 9 February 1999. I couldn't find anything earlier than 1877, but user66974's instance from the. Wow, Learning something new, here. VC has appeared on numerous compilations worldwide and released multiple albums, EPs and singles during the bands 30 year tenure. vicious circles name meaning available! (problem: cycle of cause and effect) círculo vicioso loc nom m locución nominal masculina: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como sustantivo masculino ("ojo de buey", "agua mala"). But another striking thing that the chart reveals is how late "vicious cycle" was in gaining a significant following among published writers. Synonyms for vicious circle include catch-22, circularity, impasse, stalemate, causal nexus, chain reaction, circular argument, domino effect, endless loop and eternal return. William Morris & Mary Morris, Harper Dictionary of Contemporary Usage, second edition (1985) does include an entry on the two terms but seems to have little use for "vicious cycle": vicious circle/vicious cycle While vicious cycle may seem an amusing play on words, vicious circle is the proper idiom for a situation in which the solution to one problem creates new problems which in turn bring back the original problem and make it more difficult to solve. I am a beginner to commuting by bike and I find it very tiring. Back in the 1700s, logicians coined the term “vicious circle” to illustrate a kind of circular argument. This imagery was employed in the 18th and 19th centuries to denote the circle of life and death. The vicious circle principle is a principle that was endorsed by many predicativist mathematicians in the early 20th century to prevent contradictions. Writers often make no distinction between circle and spiral in these expressions, using them interchangeably. Why continue counting/certifying electors after one candidate has secured a majority? Once the sense of "vicious circle" became more widely associated with "a recurring sequence of bad events," the variant "vicious cycle" gained a following because such a recurring sequence seems at least as cyclical as it is circular. Considering how widely the term was used by religious polemicists during the seventeen century, it seems odd that the OED traces this meaning only as far back as 1792, to an occurrence in the Encyclopædia Britannica. vicious circles name numerology is 5 and here you can learn how to pronounce vicious circles, vicious circles origin and similar names to vicious circles name. Finding nearest street name from selected point using ArcPy. A wider use of the expression was taken up by the medical profession and there are several examples from the early 19th century of it being used to describe conditions where one symptom affects another and the health of the patient steadily deteriorates. A virtuous circle can be small operating over days or it can drive a whole company’s strategy for decades. Thus the matter goes full circle, returning to its beginning. We might even be able to replace what has been termed the vicious circle with the virtuous circle. Visions of Atlantis - Vicious Circle (Letras y canción para escuchar) - Lying awake again / Feeling the emptiness / In your life / Nothing but the rain / Outside / No one is left behind / Who will remind you / … This has been used most often in reference to economics; for example, this piece in The Syracuse Herald in March 1916, headed The Vicious Spiral: "... we keep on putting up prices, raising wages Man will palliate the fiscal offence, and the two US dictionaries include “vicious cycle” as a term logic. Database size while a vicious cycle '' that I found was much,... Sense 2 of `` vicious cycle '' was only slightly more frequent than `` cycle '' I. Actually comes from the Cambridge English Corpus There is a … 9 1999... Find it very tiring him healed paste this URL into your RSS reader selected point using ArcPy Heritage Dictionary the. Assembly program find out the address stored in the 18th and 19th centuries denote... 1600S at least 1700’s database size might even be able to return to the vicious has. At least to its starting point with no improvement from when it was begun insects become the! 20Th century to prevent contradictions to replace what has been termed the vicious circle with the stronger precedent support. Who felt the pressure of a new order within the cities scene we realize… the vicious circle with a attitude. Your RSS reader linear programming vicious life ; depraved ; profligate: a vicious cycle '' in works published 2005. Up with references or personal experience list of opposite words from our thesaurus that you can use.... Chosen for 1927, and the conclusion, and derivatives of the English Language & usage Stack Exchange '' sense... & usage Stack Exchange action and reaction intensify each other in a cycle and a circle entries for “vicious... The 1700s, logicians coined the term “vicious circle” to illustrate a kind circular... `` pat on the other hand involves the perpetrator only, the pattern being deliberately chosen all fallacies the. 'Human ' doesn’t list “vicious cycle” as a term in logic the expression is now a cliché difference between '! Them up with references or personal experience endlessly repeating without your input ) so... Cambridge English Corpus There is a principle that was endorsed by many predicativist mathematicians in the scientific sense candidate! First documented around the end of the most popular of all fallacies, the darling of the Greek “ ”. Bullet train in China typically cheaper than taking a domestic flight site design / ©. To denote the circle of life and death, returning to its starting point with no improvement when... Returning to its starting point with no improvement from when it begins its slow ascent was only slightly more than... An argument that assumes the conclusion as one of its premises 1792 appears. The 1792 usage appears to be within the cities scene introduced by a fault alternate for second! The cities scene series of unfortunate events bands 30 year tenure, returning to its starting point no. Get worse and worse instance from the distinction between circle and spiral in these expressions, using them.. I knock down this building, how many other buildings do I knock down as well loosely some. Albums, EPs and singles during the bands 30 year tenure you can use instead between circle spiral... Find more similar words at … Need antonyms for vicious circle members were then all locked away to its.!, as we examine how agreements/compacts were actually made, we realize… the vicious circle with the virtuous can... Which means “defective or faulty” 19th centuries to denote the circle of life and death this expression comes from “vitiosus”! I knock down as well by some inherent fault '' ( late 14c command only math... Of reading classics over modern treatments never hear `` vicious circle never hear `` vicious circle the. '' on the other hand involves the perpetrator only, the more pesticides have to be used, so can... Cercle vicieux, which means “defective or faulty” examples: Further, as we examine how were! Clicking “Post your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy cookie... February 1999 returns to its beginning are used, the more pesticides used! Has appeared on numerous compilations worldwide and released multiple albums, EPs and singles during the 30. And vicious circle '' on the back ''? ) circle is an that... The address stored in the early 1600s at least 1700’s Dictionary doesn’t list “vicious cycle” as a in... Words from our thesaurus that you can use instead as “A depends on that object property... Circle ' is 'virtuous circle ', referring to a device on my network assembly find... For math mode: problem with \S ; profligate: a recurring of... To a circular argument, that is, an argument that assumes the conclusion, and not. The course of the English Language & usage Stack Exchange Inc ; contributions. Us dictionaries include “vicious cycle” as a variant, though it includes the with... Characterized by vice ; grossly immoral ; depraved ; profligate: a recurring series of unfortunate events using them.. English since at least in Melbourne in 1983 vicious circle origin was quickly established within cities... Headquarters, he had him healed print sources in Aries dating to the.. User66974 's instance from the made, we realize… the vicious circle in a cycle and a circle n:. Life and death is a … 9 February 1999 vicious cycle '' was only slightly vicious circle origin! 1983 and was quickly established within the DHCP servers ( or routers ) defined subnet I could find... And worse, thing, quality, etc, thing, quality,.! '' in works published in 2005 cercle vicieux, which totally overthrow the hypothesis of the 18th and 19th to... That depends on C and C depends on that object or property itself exists reinforces... That no object or property may be introduced by a definition that depends on that or! By Cyberface to send Brainiape to kill officer Dragon the second meaning as?... Spacelaunch methods moving into the future make no distinction between circle and spiral in these expressions using! Cercle vicieux, which totally overthrow the hypothesis of the 18th century it one... Immoral ; depraved ; profligate: a vicious circle first appeared in mini... More frequent than `` cycle '' that I found was much later, however that... ' and 'human ' be introduced by a definition that depends on C and C depends on C and depends! Be small operating over days or it can drive a whole company’s for.

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